Strictly speaking, GTest is a good start if you are looking for something to “just” test :
It’s simple to use and straightforward.
The downside? Included into codebase; but depending how you model your code, you might be able to circumvent that “limitation” (if it feels like that, that is).
Another actually interesting (but less mature) c++ testing fw is https://github.com/catchorg/Catch2
very lightweight, a bit on the easier side, but prone to bugs (output formats are not too many).
Usually code-wise bundled in the same codebase as well (just as gtest is).
If you are a “purist”, these pagan ways might seem like a road to hell to you.